The curse of the wandering mind! In fact, a recent study by Matthew Killingsworth and Daniel Gilbert sampled over 2, adults during their day-to-day activities and found that 47 percent of the time, their minds were not focused on what they were currently doing. Advertisement X Your guide to more connection, compassion, and kindness this month This suggests it might be good to find ways to reduce these mental distractions and improve our ability to focus. Ironically, mind-wandering itself can help strengthen our ability to focus, if leveraged properly.
Physical exercise and mental stimulation also seem to help protect against age-related decline in cognitive function, possibly for similar reasons — by stimulating growth of new blood vessels and keeps existing vessels open and functional.
Mental stimulation is not only gained by more obvious intellectual pursuits, but also by activities as simple as talking to people or going to the theater.
Education also seems to help seniors retain their mental flexibility, enabling their brains to change strategies as age effects make different strategies more effective.
These findings from animal studies have been supported by a number of human studies. Physical exercise A large, six-year study of adults aged 65 and older found that physical fitness and exercise were both associated with a significantly lower risk of dementia.
Encouragingly, for those who are more frail, even modest amounts of exercise such as walking 15 minutes a day appear beneficial, and the more frail the person was, the more they benefited from regular exercise.
As you would expect, the more years of education, the greater the cognitive reserve — the less effect the same number of plaques have on cognitive performance.
However, there is some evidence that, once the disease progresses to the point that it has noticeable effects, those effects progress faster.
This is thought to be simply because the damage is so much greater by the time it becomes observable in behavior. A general population study still in train has provided preliminary findings indicating that prevalence of mild cognitive impairment also is less common among those with more education.
Higher education also seems to help protect older adults from cognitive decline in general. One reason is clearly the cognitive reserve aspect, but an imaging study has also revealed another reason. In young adults performing memory tasks, more education was associated with less use of the frontal lobes and more use of the temporal lobes.
For older adults doing the same tasks, more education was associated with less use of the temporal lobes and more use of the frontal lobes. Previous research has indicated frontal activity is greater in old adults, compared to young; this study therefore implies that this effect is related to the educational level in the older participants.
The higher the education, the more likely the older adult is to recruit frontal regions, resulting in a better memory performance. An earlier brain-scan study also provided support for the theory that the brain may change tactics as it ages, and that older people whose brain is more flexible can compensate for some aspects of memory decline.
Results from a large study of older adults from a biracial community in Chicago suggest that the benefits of education are not necessarily education per se. In keeping with these findings, several smaller studies have also provided evidence that other aspects of mental activity are also associated with a reduced risk of cognitive decline and dementia.
A study of people aged 75 and older found that those who participated at least twice weekly in reading, playing games chess, checkers, backgammon or cardsplaying musical instruments, and dancing were significantly less likely to develop dementia.
Although the evidence on crossword puzzles was not quite statistically significant, those who did crossword puzzles four days a week had a much lower risk of dementia than those who did one puzzle a week.
Encouragingly, all the studies also agreed that it was never too late to build cognitive reserve. Looking at the question of cognitive decline in general, a large-scale British study of people aged 35—55 found that those who scored highest on tests of cognitive ability made regular cultural visits to theatres, art galleries and stately homes.Dark chocolate (dark chocolate, not the sugary, milky kind) can help you focus for a number of reasons.
First, it contains a small amount of caffeine, which has been proven to heighten mental alertness. How to Focus a Wandering Mind Ironically, mind-wandering itself can help strengthen our ability to focus, if leveraged properly.
This can be achieved using an age-old skill: meditation. it trains your attention systems to become more aware of the mental landscape at any given moment, and more adept at navigating it. With repeated.
More research is underway, but so far there’s no evidence it boosts memory in healthy people or reduces the risk of Alzheimer’s. Choline Found in many foods (especially egg yolk, liver, meat and fish) and now classified as a nutrient, choline is essential for brain development in the fetus.
Start studying Mental Health Final. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. most people with mental disorders seed treatment from psychiatrists.
Evidence-based practice can help because it allows the nurse to: A) Disengage and allow the client to make decisions independently.
These five focus tips can help you concentrate better whether you're working in a busy office, studying at school, sitting in a meeting, or trying to finish a project. Start studying Mental Health Final. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Search. Create. Log in Sign up. Log in Sign up. Smoking is a common unhealthful behavior among mental health clients.
To help a client who wants to stop smoking, the nurse guided by evidence-based practice will.